In a recently published study, scientists at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, are addressing one of the biggest challenges faced by many appliances - wear and friction due to usage. Wear and friction affects the lifetime of industrial equipment, which directly correlates with the profitability of the business. The teams of researchers, led by Prof. M.S. Bobji at the Department of Mechanical Engineering are now experimenting with alumina based nanocomposite coating for wear resistance.
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In an effort to make water resources sustainable, the Ministry of Earth Sciences, India and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), UK have funded a new project “Upscaling Catchment Processes for Sustainable Water Management in Peninsular India” (UPSCAPE). It is a 3-year £2 million research project that is one of the three projects in India initiated under the ambitious Newton-Bhabha Sustaining Water Resources Programme. Six institutes have come together as partners in this project, of which the prestigious Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, is the lead Institute from India. “The motivating factor of the Newton-Bhabha project is to ensure science reaches the society and benefits it”, says Prof. Pradeep Mujumdar, Chairman at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research, Indian Institute of Science. He also leads the team of Indian scientists working on the UPSCAPE project in the Cauvery river basin.
In what could be called a testimony to Bengaluru being the IT capital of India, the Indian Institute of Science’s Computer Science and Automation (CSA) department was ranked 71st in the recently released The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2016-2017, making it the top institute in India for Computer Science.
Tumors are often linked to cancer when they become malignant and start to spread. Doctors and researchers throughout the world are continuously seeking better ways to diagnose and treat tumors early on, thus preventing severe damage. In a rare interdisciplinary study, engineers from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, have stepped up to help doctors in treating tumors. Prof. Radhakant Padhi from the Department of Aerospace Engineering and his team has designed an automation tool for slow and controlled drug release. It is an intelligent feedback algorithm that can be embedded in a micro-controller and effective in treating solid tumors with minimal side effects.
In a major move to homegrown research, the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, (IISc) and Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) today signed an agreement on transferring a technology on Radio Frequency (RF) amplifiers based on Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) technology, developed at IISc. The signing ceremony took place at IISc where Prof. Anurag Kumar, Director, IISc and Dr. Ajit Kalghatghi, Director (R&D), BEL exchanged the agreement.
A variety of robots are available today and each having their own, unique applications. However achieving an efficient means of communication with these robots is still problematic. It is difficult for a robot to accurately analyse and follow voice commands given by its master. During human-human interactions, multiple sounds are simultaneously processed by our brain and we still segregate the sound containing the information we want. This is not the case with robots; they are unable to differentiate various sounds in its environment. This is a major roadblock in human-robot interactions.
Measuring the heat transfer rates in a hypersonic shock tunnel is a costly and time consuming affair. Now, scientists at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, have introduced a novel method that cuts the costs and improves the response times of these measurements.
Scientists at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore have proposed a new force sensor that can detect changes in forces as small as ten nano-Newtons. That’s one hundred millionth of a Newton, the unit of force! The proposed sensor uses a special crystal with specific resonation characteristics that can sense these tiny forces. Sensors that detect small forces are used in the fields of chemical sensing, bio sensing, temperature sensing, humidity sensing, pressure sensing, and stress sensing. An eight-member team from the Department of Electrical Communication Engineering and the Center for Nano Science and Engineering headed by Prof. T. Srinivas, is behind this innovation.
Prediction of rainfall and flood is very important for densely populated country like India. Scientists at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore have proposed a new method for predicting flood magnitude, which is more effective than conventional methods. The team consisted of Prof. V.V. Srinivas and Dr. Bidroha Basu of Department of Civil Engineering.
Scientists at IISc may have the solution to one of the major problems faced in our country – water resource management. By applying a technique called the 'Multi-criteria Decision Making' they are trying to address various water management and irrigation challenges.