The entire country offers very suitable environmental conditions for the spread of the invasive species lantana. Genetic analysis shows that the species could be adapting to different local habitat conditions. This has been published in Annals of Botany.
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Researchers from Sathees Raghavan’s group at the Department of Biochemistry have demonstrated anti-cancer properties of sapota extracts in cancerous cell lines and in laboratory mice infected with cancer. The phytochemicals (plant based chemicals) in sapota extract activates cell-death pathways. Tumour growth was inhibited, and lifespan of tumour bearing animals increased, when sapota extract was used.
Photographs by Souvik Mandal, a PhD student at the Indian Institute of Science, have won accolades in the BMC Ecology Image Competition 2014. His photographs of insects feeding on plants, and a pair spotted owlets sneaking out of a nesthole in a tress, have been mentioned in the 'Highly commended' category. Souvik captured both of them at the picturesque IISc campus.
Scientists at IISc have characterized the molecular structure of protein interactions that result in infections of Staphylococcus bacteria. The molecular interactions are triggers for the progress of disease from a relatively harmless persistent stage to the virulent stage.
The Hanuman langur’s long-standing identity crisis might finally be resolved. Researchers have divided the Hanuman langur into 3-4 different species based on genetic differences; this can help in identifying unique populations that could be threatened by human activity.
Molecules made of a metal ion attached to an organic compound can be used to detect explosives made of nitroaromatic compounds, like picric acid and trinitrotoluene (TNT). With further research, these can go on to replace the conventional metal detectors we all walk through in airports and malls. Bappaditya Gole and others from P S Mukerjee’s research group in the department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry have been involved with developing a metal-organic combination that can detect nitroaromatic compounds efficiently. The research project has been published in a series of three papers in the international journal, Chemistry: A European Journal.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave away a series of awards at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), in the presence of Defense Minister Arun Jaitley and a host of other dignitaries. Academy Excellence Awards were presented to Professor S Mohan, a Visiting Professor at the Centre for Nanoscience at IISc and Prof Kamakoti from IIT Chennai.
Researchers have proposed an experiment to show that, sometimes, photons may choose longer paths over the shorter ones. Though this result may look too simple, it is expected to influence physics over a large scale: from the way quantum mechanics is introduced to students to better understanding of quantum computing applications.
A state of the art water management system, which can change how the water supply in the city is managed, is now ready for Bengaluru. Researchers at IISc, in collaboration with IBM and Bengaluru Water Supply and Sewage Board (BWSSB), presented the software at the 12th International Conference on Computing and Control for the Water Industry in Italy. The proceedings have been published in the international journal Procedia Engineering.