A current rising as a result of the Indian Summer Monsoon during June to September in the Bay of Bengal increases the growth of phytoplankton, minute plants that carry out photosynthesis in the sea. This results in the movement of organic carbon, or carbon flux, in the region. Researchers from CSIR – National Institute of Oceanography, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management, Chennai have quantified the extent to which the current associated with the Indian Summer Monsoon, the Summer Monsoon Current (SMC), increase the phytoplankton growth.
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The topography of the Western Ghats influences the rainfall over the mountain region, finds a recent study. The Western Ghats,a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of India, is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Though a world heritage site, it also houses a sizeable human population. Rainfall from the summer monsoon plays a huge role for all inhabitants of the Ghats: the flora and fauna, and the people. Accurate prediction of rainfall in this region will be very useful.